Electronic Legal Correspondence (ERV) – e-Filing and e-Delivery
E-filing with the courts as an instrument of communication with the parties of proceedings, on the same level as paper, was introduced in 1990. Austria was thus the first country in the world to establish legal correspondence in this form. Electronic communication in legal relations allows electronic transmission of applications or submissions and the automatic transfer of procedural data to the Automation of Court Procedures.
In 1999 the "oncoming lane" on the "data highway of the administration of justice" has been opened: electronic service of court documents is also possible now by the so-called "return traffic stream". For the year 2012 savings on postage (with increasing tendency) of more than 10 million euros were achieved. In 2007 the electronic legal communication was transferred to a web based technology, where open standards such as XML, Web services and SOAP are used. The electronic legal communication, which is secured by SSL and certificates, is accessible via clearing houses and opens up, amongst other things, the possibility of appending attachments to submissions transmitted electronically. As one of the outstanding eGovernment applications in Europe, electronic legal communication was awarded the EU “eGovernment Label” in 2001. Since 2013 ELC have been made available in an even more accessible version for every citizen, making use of digital signatures for authentication (www.eingaben.justiz.gv.at). Since 2014, citizens have had the possibility to receive letters and other documents via “Zustellservice des Bundes” (www.zustellung.gv.at).
ELC facts for 2015: More than 15 million transmissions, including:
- 4.7 million communications/submissions,
- 10.7 million transmissions via the “return traffic stream”, of which 2.9 million reference return traffic
- The ELC share in the civil proceedings under dispute is 94%, in the execution proceedings 91%.